Settlement form and layout design of Malay traditional kampong and social relation in Johor state

Settlement form and layout design of Malay traditional kampong and social relation in Johor state. In: IFLA Asia Pacific Congress 2014, 25-30 April 2014, Pullman, Kuching Sarawak. (Unpublished) (2014)


Malay Traditional Kampong is vernacular or traditional settlements that exist hundred years ago in Malaysia. Kampongs are normally been located scatter along embouchure, coast and beach in rural areas. In term of physical, Malay traditional kampong was inhabited by Malay community since generations, built organically and has no clear boundaries between kampongs and houses compared to well-planned kampongs. Malay Traditional Kampong often been described as settlement that features high quality of Malay landscape and architecture value. History of Johor shows existence of Malay traditional kampongs already established since era
of Johor-Riau Empire between 15 and 18 century. Kampongs are important component in central administration around that era. It had been created as main settlement for resident or
people of the government surround palace area that equipped with other accommodations included market, mosque, cemetery, and drainage system. Presences of other sub-ethnic such
as Javanese community in Johor are also influence layout and landscape of the villages. Modernization and rapid urbanization became a reason for Malay traditional Kampongs getting lost through time. Now, there were just 771 units of traditional kampongs in Johor. Types of traditional kampong in Johor can be identified based on several components such as basic economy system, type of settler’s occupation, location of kampong placement and growth direction and also groups of community living there. There are three types of kampong settlement in Johor namely as Kampung Nelayan/Atas Air, Kampung Parit and Kampung Daratan. Layout design of Malay Traditional Kampong can be categorised into three types such as (1) centralized or concentric form; (2) linear form; and (3) scattered or unclear form. Every layout design be affected by physical element included geo-physical and non-physical (community lifestyle and belief). The main purpose of this study is to identify distribution of
Malay traditional kampongs in Johor state based on house arrangement or layout in order to understand the significance of outdoor spaces that contribute to the social characteristic.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords: Malay traditional kampong, Layout, Form and pattern
Taxonomy: By Subject > Architecture, Planning & Surveying > Architecture
By Subject > Architecture, Planning & Surveying > Landscape Architecture
Agencies of Resources: Non-Governmental Organisation > Institute of Landscape Architects Malaysia (ILAM) | Email fr Nurazlinda Mohd Noor Madi (Administrative Officer) - 28/7/2020
Local Content Hub: Subjects > Architecture, Planning & Surveying
Depositing User: Shahidatul Akhmam Rambeli
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2020 20:42
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2020 03:10
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