Prevalence and factors affecting food insecurity among university students in Pahang, Malaysia

Prevalence and factors affecting food insecurity among university students in Pahang, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 25 (1). pp. 56-67. ISSN 1394-035X (2019)


Food insecurity exists whenever people are unable to access sufficient food at all times for an active and healthy life. University students are a potentially
vulnerable group of people to face food insecurity. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity among a population of university
students in Kuantan, in the state of Pahang. Methods: Food security status was identified using the United States Adult Food Security Survey Module (USAFSSM).
Factors, which include demographic background, spending expenditure pattern and time constraints, were assessed. A total of 316 students were selected through stratified random sampling throughout six faculties of the International Islamic University Malaysia, of whom 307 successfully completed the survey. Results: The result shows that 54.4% of the students were experiencing food insecurity, from which 32.9% were sub-categorised as low food security and 21.5% as very low food security. Food insecurity was found to be significantly associated with time constraints (p<0.05), spending on books (p<0.05), miscellaneous items (p<0.05), parents’ income (p<0.001) and scholarship type (p<0.001). Conclusion: Apart
from the high incidence of food insecurity among the students, time and financial affordability appeared to be critical concerns in this study. Since food insecurity
has become a significant issue with university students, it should be addressed and prioritized by the relevant authorities.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Food insecurity, Food security status, Food supply
Taxonomy: By Subject > Applied Sciences > Food Technology
Local Content Hub: Subjects > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Farleen Azrina Zamberi
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2021 07:38
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 07:38
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