Evaluation of extra virgin olive oil adulteration with edible oils using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy

Evaluation of extra virgin olive oil adulteration with edible oils using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Malaysian Journal of Applied Sciences (MyJAS), 5 (1). pp. 35-44. ISSN 0127-9246(ONLINE) (2020)


Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is categorized as expensive oil due to high-quality nutritional value. Unfortunately, EVOO is easily adulterated with other low-quality edible oils. Therefore, this study was done to differentiate and analyze the adulteration of EVOO with other edible oils using Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The study was used several edible oils included canola oil, corn oil, sunflower oil, and soybean oil as an adulterant for EVOO. The adulterant EVOO samples were prepared by mixing with dissimilar concentrations of the solely edible oils (20 %, 40 %, 60 % and 80 % (v/v)). The main functional groups of EVOO and other edible oils are O-H, C-H, C=C and C=O groups were assigned around 3500 cm-1, 2925 cm-1, 3006 cm-1 and 1745 cm-1 wavenumbers, respectively. From the comparison of EVOO and other adulterant edibles oil spectra, it showed that the EVOO has the lowest absorbance intensity at around 3006 cm-1 represented double bond which is closely related to the composition of oil sample. The adulteration of EVOO was evaluated by analysing the changes in the absorbance based on the linear regression analysis graph of the bands at 3006 and 2925 cm-1 and the limit of detection (LOD) was measured. The graph of A3008/A2925 with good relative coefficients (R2) and lower LOD is more favourable than the linear regression graph of A3006 versus percentage of edible oils added in EVOO. This study showed that ATR-FTIR spectroscopy is a convenient tool for analysing the adulteration of EVOO.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Extra virgin olive oil, Edible oils, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, Adulteration
Taxonomy: By Subject > Applied Sciences > Food Technology
Local Content Hub: Subjects > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Eza Eliana Abdul Wahid
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2021 08:38
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2021 08:38
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