Cost of Living and Standard of Living Nexus: The Determinants of Cost of Living

Cost of Living and Standard of Living Nexus: The Determinants of Cost of Living. Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 54 (3). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2716-6058 (2020)


Cost of living and standard of living are two elements that have strong causal relationship. Determining which one
causes the other would give some ideas to policy makers about mitigating the adverse impact of the rising cost of
living. This study investigates whether the standard of living causes the cost of living. It further identifies the factors
influencing the cost of living. Based on Malaysian data over 1980-2014, we use Toda Yamamoto causality model, to
identify whether the cost of living Granger causes the standard of living or vice-versa. In identifying the factors that
influence the cost of living, we use, the Autoregresive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Bounds test. The result indicates that
there is evidence of unidirectional Granger causality between the cost of living and the standard of living. It addition,
we found that the cost of living can be used to better predict the standard of living by considering the lagged values of
the cost of living rather than the lagged values of the standard of living. The results further show that there is a long run relationship between the cost of living and the factors of gross domestic product per capita, population growth,
unemployment rate and degree of openness.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: ARDL, cost of living, Granger causality, prices, standard of living
Taxonomy: By Subject > Business & Management > Economics
Local Content Hub: Subjects > Business & Management
Depositing User: Eza Eliana Abdul Wahid
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2021 13:48
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 13:48
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