Towards Sovereign 4IR

Towards Sovereign 4IR. [Newspaper] (2021)


For nearly 300 years, the "industrial revolutions" have gradually transformed industrial production mode and, together with it, the societal fabrics. Each subsequent revolution can be defined by the utilisation of a radically new central technology or a cluster of such technologies. The following graph summarises the major techno-economic paradigm shifts starting with the steam engine (1IR), electricity (2IR), information and computing technology (3IR), and, finally, cyber-physical systems or "smart networks" capable of functioning without human intervention (4IR) (Klaus Schwab, 2017).

Item Type: Newspaper
Keywords: steam engine (1IR), information and computing technology (3IR), smart networks
Taxonomy: By Subject > Computer & Mathematical Sciences > Computer Science
By Subject > Computer & Mathematical Sciences > Information Technology
By Subject > Computer & Mathematical Sciences > Computer Technology and Networking
Local Content Hub: Subjects > Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Depositing User: Miss Nurmaisari binti Che Anuar (Kuala Terengganu)
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2021 14:31
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 14:31
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