Key Performance Indicators and employment contracts in Malaysia: a legal analysis

Key Performance Indicators and employment contracts in Malaysia: a legal analysis. IIUM Law Journal, 27 (2). pp. 549-569. ISSN 2289-7852 (2019)


Key performance indicators (KPIs) are considered as measurable values used by for companies, institutions, or organisations in order to estimate the success rate of their set objectives. Therefore, it is important to select appropriate indicators that will be used for the measurement. In Malaysia, the KPI came into the spotlight when the Prime Minister introduced it for measuring the performance of the cabinet ministers in 2009. Since then, KPIs became the focus in the private and the public sectors in Malaysia. Thus, this article attempts to examine the values behind KPIs and its function within the contract of employment. The article further examines whether non-performance of KPIs can be categorized as poor performance, which could open employees to termination or disciplinary actions. This article is mainly based on the analysis of existing literature, journal articles, books, information obtained in online news portals and judicial decisions. The article finds that non-performance of KPI can be used as a basis to terminate or dismiss an employee from employment.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Contract of Employment, Key Performance Indicators, Employees, Federal constitution
Taxonomy: By Subject > Law > Constitutional Law
Local Content Hub: Subjects > Law
Depositing User: Eza Eliana Abdul Wahid
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2021 06:47
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 07:29
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