Digital jawi palaeography: studies from the perspective of computer science

Digital jawi palaeography: studies from the perspective of computer science. Journal of Advanced Computing Technology and Application (JACTA), 1 (1). pp. 27-32. ISSN 2672-7188 (2019)


Malay artefacts in the form of manuscripts and inscribed stones have high historical values to the Malay civilization, and to the Islamic world. These artefacts contain explicit and implicit information that can unlock ancient information. For example, a manuscript offers explicit information based on the written text, but palaeography study can uncover implicit information, such as who was the author, where did the author came from, the number of authors, date, and the manuscript’s authenticity can also be validated. Palaeography uses the decorations and the type of writings on manuscripts or on inscribed stones as the medium of study. Palaeography experts retrieve information from these mediums by comparing the decorations and type of writings on manuscripts of known origin with manuscripts of unknown origin. The methodology used by palaeography experts is applied in digital palaeography. Digital Jawi palaeography studies types of calligraphy that are on manuscripts, sincethe Arabic calligraphy has its own history, as much as its birth and development when adopted in certain places. This current study has introduced a new method in the field of image processing based on triangle geometry. This method isbased on three key coordinates, whichtaken from each alphabet. Each alphabet is matched with the model in the Qalam al-Sittah to determine every calligraphy type. This type of calligraphy will become the input to determine palaeography information. Tests were also conductedto determine the validity of the proposed method. Additionally, the Inscribed Stone of Terengganu (IST) was used in preliminary experiments.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Palaeography, Arabic Calligraphy, Triangle Geometry, Feature Extraction, Algorithms, Image processing, Data visualisation
Taxonomy: By Subject > Computer & Mathematical Sciences > Computer Science
Local Content Hub: Subjects > Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Depositing User: Eza Eliana Abdul Wahid
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2022 23:46
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 07:32
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