Properties of traditional clay roof tiles manufacture in Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia

Properties of traditional clay roof tiles manufacture in Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia. Built Environment Journal (BEJ, 11 (2): 2. pp. 17-34. ISSN 1675-5022 (2014)


The industry of traditional clay plain tiles, Singgora tiles, has been established in Kelantan for almost a century. However, the studies conducted in this field are insufficient. The purpose of this study is to test the properties of existing Singgora tiles to find out whether they satisfy the standard requirement. The tests of dimension measurement, surface quality, water absorption and flexural were done. The relative percentage constituent mineral and microstructure of Singgora tiles were measured by using XRD and SEM technique respectively. The physical test shows the length and thickness of Singgora tiles is not satisfied the standard. In addition, most of the samples have the defect on the surface and high water absorption. It is found that the strength of Singgora tiles is lower than the minimum requirement of standard. The presence of high percentage of quartz is observed in the mineral phase of Singgora tiles and the SEM analysis proved the incompletes vitrification among their microstructures.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Conservation, Roofing, Malay House, Tile, Singgora
Taxonomy: By Subject > Architecture, Planning & Surveying > Architecture
By Subject > Architecture, Planning & Surveying > Construction Management
Local Content Hub: Subjects > Architecture, Planning & Surveying
Depositing User: Eza Eliana Abdul Wahid
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2021 08:54
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2021 08:54
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